Types of tourist attractions based on tourist motives, destination locations, and trips

In Indonesia, there are various types of tourist attractions which of course we often visit. Tourist attractions include: beaches, parks, sea, forests, mountains, shopping centers or malls, historic sites, museums, culinary centers, lakes, reservoirs, there, swimming pools, squares, hot springs, zoos, water waterfall, flower and fruit garden, and so on. The following is information about other types of tourist attractions.


1. Maritime tourism

Maritime tourism is also known as maritime tourism or water tourism. This tour is also related to sports that are done in water, such as on beaches, lakes, bays. Activities that are usually carried out when doing marine tourism are fishing and surfing, sailing, rowing competitions, snorkeling, diving and underwater shooting.

In diving, we can see how beautiful the scenery under the sea is. In the archipelago there are also marine parks that we can enjoy its beauty. The potential for marine tourism in Indonesia is found in the Thousand Islands, Raja Ampat, Lake Toba, Mentawai, Bali Island, the sea of ​​the Maluku Islands, and so on. Meanwhile, maritime countries that also have marine tourism potential are Fiji, Hawaii and Tahiti.

2. Cultural Tourism in Indonesia

Doing cultural tourism aims to increase one’s insight and outlook on life. In cultural tourism, especially abroad, we can see the way people live in that country, learn about their customs, arts, and culture.

Cultural tourism is also useful for introducing the culture of one’s own country to the international arena and vice versa (providing information / sharing information about the culture and customs of the country that has just been visited in our country). In other words, making art and cultural exchanges. Such as music, dance, drama.

3. Agricultural tourism

Agricultural tourism is a tour to agricultural locations, seeing nurseries in the fields, plantations. Usually it is done in the context of a study or it can be just taking a walk enjoying the green of the plants and the fresh air. Your eyes will be refreshed again with views of fresh colorful vegetables, peek at various vegetable seeds, and adventure in cool plantations.

4. Tour hurry

Hunting tourism can be done in countries that have forest areas that can be used as hunting grounds. Of course not hunting carelessly, huh. Rather, it follows government regulations regarding the boundaries of hunting areas and what types of animals can be hunted. For Indonesia itself, the government has opened hunting tours in the East Java region, to be precise in Baluran.

Animals that can be hunted are wild boar and bulls. While abroad, we can do hunting tours in various regions of the African continent. Animals that can be hunted are giraffes, elephants, lions, and others. For India, the animals that can be hunted are tigers and rhinos.

5. Pilgrimage tours

This type of tourism is related to history, customs, and beliefs held by the local community. Mostly done by groups rather than individuals. The goal is to go to a holy place, eat people who are considered powerful or holy / graves of big people, burials of famous figures, sacred hills and mountains full of legends, and so on.

Many are associated with the intentions of these tourists, for example wanting to ask for blessings and directions from the divine and some even asking for wealth. For example, a Muslim visiting the holy land or burial place of saints, a catholic on a pilgrimage tour to the Vatican, for Buddhists to visit Nepal, Tibet, or India.

In Indonesia itself, there are also many places visited by people who have a specific purpose as mentioned above, including visiting Borobudur Temple, Mount Kawi, Wali Songo’s tomb, Prambanan, Bali Basakih temple, Soekarno’s tomb, and others.

6. Nature reserve tours

This tour, which is also known as conservation tourism, is carried out by visiting protected parks, nature reserves, areas whose sustainability is protected by law. Most nature lovers who do this tour. For those who like taking pictures, it is very suitable to do this kind of tour.

There are many unique and beautiful plants and animals that can be used as photo objects. The environment is fresh, beautiful, very supportive for relaxation. So the mind is more fresh and relaxed. Nature reserve tourist attractions, for example, are nature reserves on the island of Bali, namely Eka Karya Botanical Garden and West Bali National Park.

7. Tour conventions

This convention tour is closely related to politics. An example is a building where deliberations, trials and meetings are held nationally or internationally. For example, the international congress center in Berlin, Senayan Building in Jakarta, Philippines has the Philippine International Convention Center.


1. Historical tours

Visiting various relics and historical sites. For those who like archeology and information related to history / past, come for a historical tour to temples, museums, forts, or see inscriptions.

2. Nature tourism

This type of tourism is carried out with tourist objects in the form of natural beauty around. Our eyes will be spoiled with natural conditions that are amazing and very beautiful. Nature tourism that we can do includes hiking, camping.

3. Religious tourism

Conducting religious tourism by visiting special places for religious people, graves, places of worship. Aim to get closer to God. Like taking a tour to the Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta, for those who are Muslim. Or the Cathedral Church for Catholic Christians.

4. Educational tours

This educational tour is also called educational tourism and is mostly carried out by children and schools. The purpose of educational tourism is to support the lessons that have been given in schools. Educational tourism is expected to make it easier for children to understand the subject matter.


1. Special interest tours

This type of tourism is usually carried out by people who have an interest in certain things and not many are interested in this one tour. Examples of special interest tours are trekking, rafting (river wading), diving (diving), hiking (mountain climbing), and so on.

2. Adventure travel

Tours are carried out with challenging tourist attractions. Usually has tough terrain. Which includes one of the adventure tours is rock climbing, rafting, or going through a vertical cave.

3. Travel many interests

This type of tourism is carried out by people who do not have a special interest in something. In other words, many interest tours are carried out by people who have the same interests as other people in general. Which includes: religious tourism, marine tourism, cultural tourism, nature tourism, shopping tours, historical tours, culinary tours, and so on.

4. Backpacker travel

In Indonesian the meaning of backpacking is a carrying bag or backpack. So tourists who are classified as backpackers are people who go on a tour only by carrying a carrying bag or backpack. And they usually carry very few items (only basic and necessary items are carried).

Backpackers are not bound by time, are free to set the time whenever they want to travel. And another advantage of backpacker tours is that they usually tend to be frugal and don’t want to spend big on tours, they sleep anywhere (sometimes cheap rental lodgings), choose to use public transportation rather than traveling vehicles, and these tours are mostly done by young people.


Nature was created so extraordinary by God. The diversity of flora and fauna there is really interesting and unique so that it can provoke people’s eyes to continue to look. The charm of natural tourism such as mountains, highlands, lowlands, beaches, lakes, and so on, is influenced by several things, namely:
1. Climatic Conditions
The climate of a region that is different from other regions can be a magnet that attracts both local and foreign tourists to come to visit. Yes, of course it’s interesting. Because for example, we are used to living in cities with air pollution which is felt every day, especially from motorized vehicle fumes, of course we want to breathe fresh air and feel the cool climate.

This is why climate is one of the factors that can attract tourists. An example is the peak tourist area in the Cianjur area, which attracts many people who always feel at home for a long time visiting there.

2. Earth’s Surface and Environment (Topography and Ecology)
Indonesia which is included in one of the archipelago countries will have many interesting natural tourism objects such as caves, beaches, forests, lakes, seas, and even waterfalls. The condition of the earth’s surface and the unique environment makes tourists interested to come and see for themselves its uniqueness.

3. The uniqueness of flora and fauna
The flora and fauna in Indonesia certainly have their own uniqueness as well as the flora and fauna in other countries. Well, this uniqueness is the attraction of tourists to visit the country, including Indonesia. Indonesia, which is an archipelagic country, has different flora and fauna from one island to another.

One of the factors that influence the differences in species is the different climatic conditions. In areas with cold climates, of course the plants and animals will be different from areas with hot climates. Some examples, the giant lizard that we usually know as the Komodo dragon on the island of West Nusa Tenggara, the maleo and anoa birds in Sulawesi, the one-horned rhino in West Java, the orangutan population in Kalimantan, especially Central and South Kalimantan, and many others.


Cultural tourism object is a tourist place whose source is the result of human culture. Objects are created by society in accordance with their respective cultures. And of course the values ​​and objects contained in one region differ from one another with its own uniqueness and distinctiveness. Examples of tourist objects that are the result of human work and culture include:

1. Historical monuments, which are included in this category, namely: temple buildings in Indonesia, such as Borobudur Temple, Prambanan Temple, forts, old mosque buildings, and old churches.
2. Places with historical value or historical places, including: museums, archaeological objects, arts centers.
3. Art products in the form of traditional houses, traditional weapons, traditional musical instruments, and folk arts.
4. Celebration such as carrying out traditional ceremonies, religious ceremonies, traditional parties.
5. Objects which are the fruit of modern thought and knowledge include: dams, the aviation industry, satellite launches, binoculars, and so on.


Tourist activities carried out by visitors in a tourist attraction have two forms, passive and active. Examples are Jomblang and Pindul caves in Yogyakarta, Sanur Beach, Kuta, and others.

1. Forms of Passive Activities
The purpose of the form of passive activity in a tourist object is that visitors do not move or move skills when visiting a tourist attraction. This type of tourist tends to emphasize feelings, knowledge, and attitudes, or in other words, just enjoy what is in these attractions.

For example, when doing nature tourism, visitors only take a walk to enjoy the beauty and cool air, enjoy the beauty of nature, and become an observer of how to live and socialize the people there.

2. Forms of Active Activities
The purpose of the form of active activity in a tourist object is that visitors make movements / move a lot and use movement skills. Examples are when doing adventure tours hiking, river rafting or tracing, rafting, golf, football, cycling, tennis, beach volleyball, and others.


1. Cultural tourism

Cultural tourism which is often referred to as culture tourism is a type of tour made to find out how the culture, way of life, social, history, customs, arts and culture, religion in an area. For example, visiting the inner Baduy tribe in Banten, visiting indigenous Papuan tribes, witnessing a solo rambu death party in Toraja, seeing the procession of shaving dreadlocks, and others.

2. Adventure tours

Also known as adventure tourism. Usually it is done in the open air and tourists are required to have the skills to do anything instructed by a much more experienced guide. Can train so that the body is alert and spiritually fresh. Adventure tourism clearly has a higher risk when compared to other types of tourists.

Examples of adventure tourism include rafting on various rivers in Indonesia (for example the Alas river), climbing Mount Papandayan, Rinjani peak, Mount Anak Krakatau, seeing birds in the savanna of Baluran National Park, doing rock climbing, rafting, trekking, diving. , and others.

3. Ecotourism

Also known as ecotourism, it is a type of tourism that is carried out to visit nature and conduct conservation, so that it can have an effect on the economy of the surrounding area. For example: tea and coffee plantation tours in Malabar, Bandung, visiting the mangrove forests of Alas Purwo National Park, and others.

4. Business travel

Also known as business tourism. This tour is carried out usually because it is conducting a business feasibility study in the area visited. For example: shopping at Tanah Abang market, visiting Gayo coffee plantations in the Central Aceh area.

5. MICE Tour

Also known as Meeting, Incentive, Convention, Exhibition. Is a tour that is carried out in free time or on the sidelines of visits in attending meetings, exhibitions, company trips, meetings. An example is when we go on an official trip, we intersperse with shopping tours when we have free time, visiting JCC Inacraft events, Jakarta, and others.

6. Special interest tours

Also known as special interest tourism. And doing this tour requires a special skill, usually the number of participants is limited and carried out in a certain or special place too (not all tourist attractions can be used). Examples include paragliding on Lake Toba, night dives on Halmahera Island, and others.

7. Volunteer tours

Also known as volunteerism. This tour is carried out to an area with the aim of carrying out social service, sharing experiences and skills with the people there, while doing social activities we can while traveling.

Examples include teaching children in the interior of Papua and Kalimantan and other islands, caring for orangutans in Kalimantan, and so on.


1. Educational tours

This educational tour is usually carried out by school-age children. Basically, children have high curiosity. They study in class every day, they are bound to experience boredom or boredom. This is where educational tours are needed. Educational tours don’t have to be expensive or to far away places, you know. Can be done at any time. Educational tourism has a concept that is inversely proportional to learning in class.

If learning in class is only theoretical, but with educational tours children can see and feel firsthand what is around them, or objects that they usually see only in pictures, this can be seen in reality. With the existence of educational tours, it is hoped that children will be able to grow their interest in something, and can support existing learning materials in school.

For children, educational tourism is a fun way to learn. When children already have that pleasure, they will continue to remember what they learned and stick in the child’s mind. Examples of educational tours are: visiting the Kite museum, Textile museum, and others.

2. Culinary Tour

This is one of the most popular types of tourism. Culinary tourism can be done by everyone. Eating in a fun place and tasting food that we have never enjoyed before is something fun.

Examples of culinary tourism are enjoying the specialties of a region such as in Yogyakarta (Gudeg, bakpia, yangko, noodles, lotek, satay klatak, and others), tasting chicken betutu, satay lilit, rendang from Padang, markobar from Solo, green banana ice, ice doger, dumplings, various snacks made from aci (cireng, cimol) and others.

3. Shopping Tour

Shopping tourism is one of the most preferred by women. When visiting an area, we definitely want to have or bring souvenirs besides food. Yes, we will definitely go shopping. Shop for souvenirs, clothes, bags, headscarves, batik, and other items that are not in our place or in our area.

We can usually do shopping tours while doing other tours. Shopping tours are mostly carried out in market areas, including art markets, malls, shopping centers, supermarkets, souvenir shops, Muslim clothing specialty shops, and so on. This tour will not be missed for women.

The most important thing when doing this tour is to be careful about protecting our bawan’s belongings, because sometimes there are pickpockets lurking because they see us who are busy and busy with bargaining and groceries.

Those are some types of tourist attractions in Indonesia. It turns out that our country is rich too, huh. So, you don’t need to spend too much if you want to travel, right? In the country there are also many fun and interesting tourist options to visit. So, have a nice trip with your family, let’s go to Bone.

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